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2020/03/02 / Erste Group Research

Poland Weekly Focus | Central bank to keep rates stable, but…

…situation recently became tricky, with surging inflation and markets pricing in rate cuts due to spread of COVID-19 in Europe. Markets to follow global news regarding virus developments. Further drops of yields and FRAs cannot be ruled out.

March 4 | Central bank to keep rates stable. We expect the National Bank of Poland to keep rates unchanged at 1.5%. In light of the COVID-19 outbreak and increasing market uncertainty, inflation development and rate expectations decoupled from each other. Inflation surged to 4.4% y/y in January and is expected to remain above the upper bound of the inflation target for the most of 2020. Polish forward rates, however, dropped strongly in recent days, reflecting the rising uncertainty and pricing in expectations for a 50bp cut within a one-year horizon.

Bond market drivers | Market in panic due to COVID-19. Global markets turned into full panic mode on the back of news surrounding the spread of COVID-19 outside of China. Poland followed core market development and recorded substantial drops along the whole yield curve. Over the course of the week, the 2Y yield dropped by 10bp, 5Y by almost 15bp, while the 10Y LCY yield decreased by 20bp. The latter bottomed out on Friday morning at 1.65%, which is the lowest level in history. As a result, the spread over 10Y German Bund narrowed to 240bp.

FX market drivers | EURPLN follows market fears. The outflow of investors from more risky assets took its toll on the zloty and it depreciated to above 4.32 vs. EUR. We think that the FX market will focus on the COVID-19 news and we could see some further weakening of the zloty this week.

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General information

AuthorErste Group Research
Product nameCEE Country Update
Topic in focusMacro/ Fixed income
Economy in focusPoland
Currency in focusPolish Zloty
Sector in focus-


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