Price of a WTI Index/Participation certificate = price of the nearest WTI futures contract x RATIO x USDCZK.
Price of a BRENT CRUDE Index/Participation certificate = price of the nearest BRENT CRUDE futures contract x RATIO x USDCZK.
Therefore, the performance of this WTI/BRENT CRUDE Index/Participation certificate depends on the performance of the WTI/BRENT CRUDE futures contract, the RATIO and FX rate of USDCZK. The certificate always monitors the nearest WTI/BRENT CRUDE futures contract on the NYMEX/ICE Stock Exchange. stock exchange. Of course, the certificate has unlimited maturity. Thus, the roll-over or “rolling” of the contracts must take place regularly every month shortly before the expiry of the nearest futures contract.
Roll-over means that an expiring futures contract is sold and the next nearest futures contract is bought. There may be or usually is a change in the RATIO during roll-over. On the one hand, roll-over is encumbered by selling and buying costs of futures contracts and, on the other, there may be losses or profits.
Profits during roll-over arise when the price of the expiring futures contract is higher than the price of a new futures contract (so-called “backwardation”). More could be invested in new futures contract and the RATIO rises.
Losses during roll-over arise when the price of an expiring futures contract is lower than the price of a new futures contract (so-called “contango”). And so less may be invested in the new futures contract and the RATIO falls.
The higher the RATIO the more the client participates in the growth of the WTI futures contract.
The increase of the USDCZK exchange rate (so-called weakening of the crown against the USD) supports the rise of the WTI/BRENT CRUDE certificate price. In contrast, the fall in the USDCZK exchange rate (so-called strengthening of the crown against the USD) supports the fall of the WTI/BRENT CRUDE certificate price.